Synthesis of zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate by chemical precipitation and its transformation to zinc oxide

Keleş Güner E., Akkaş R., Özer A.

Chemical Engineering Communications, vol.209, no.9, pp.1203-1213, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 209 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00986445.2021.1953486
  • Journal Name: Chemical Engineering Communications
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1203-1213
  • Keywords: Borax, precipitation method, zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate, zinc oxide
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.In the present study, zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate was synthesized for the first time by the chemical precipitation method using zinc sulfate as the precursor, borax as the basic precipitating agent, and zwitterionic N-Dodecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio-3-propane sulfonate as a surfactant. The results of X-Ray Diffraction demonstrate that the product obtained by chemical precipitation at 60 °C was triclinic zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate. Examination of the morphology using Scanning Electron Microscope revealed a hexagonal layered structure. The thermal decomposition of zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate was investigated in the range of 25–1000 °C. Thermogravimetry/Differential Thermal Analysis curves show that zinc sulfate hydroxide trihydrate had three-region decomposition following thermal treatment. The synthesized samples were annealed at 200 °C, 600 °C, and 1000 °C to determine the chemical composition of the products. X-Ray Diffraction shows that it consisted of zinc sulfate hydroxide hemihydrate at 200 °C, zinc oxysulfate and zinc oxide at 600 °C, and zinc oxide at 1000 °C. The mineralogical, structural and optical properties of zinc oxide were subsequently obtained by annealing at 1000 °C. Scanning Electron Microscope images of zinc oxide demonstrate that the hexagonal structure deteriorated through sintering. The average particle size of ZnO was found as 753.4 nm, According to the X-Ray Diffraction, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy results, zinc oxide was formed in the single-phase wurtzite and showed only the peaks corresponding to oxygen and zinc, indicating the purity of the product. The band gap for zinc oxide calculated from the Ultra Viyolet-visible results was 3.22 eV.