EFFECTS OF DYNAMIC EXERCISES DESIGNED ACCORDING TO THE TABATA PROTOCOL ON BALANCE AND STRENGHT PARAMETERS IN ELITELEVEL COMBAT ATHLETES


Akcan İ. O. , Ölmez C., Öztaş M., Aydos L.

3. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SPORTS FOR ALL AND WELLNESS, Antalya, Turkey, 10 - 14 June 2020, pp.141-155

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-155
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

 The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercises designed according to the six-week tabata protocol on balance and force parameters in elite-level combat athletes. The study was conducted with voluntary participation of a total of 25 elite combat athletes who were selected via random method as 12 in the experimental group (5 wrestling, 2 judo, 2 karate, 3 taekwondo) and 13 in the control group (4 wrestling, 2 judo, 4 karate, 3 taekwondo), using a pretest-posttest design research method with a control group. The pretest-posttest stages of the study used a balance device branded Biodex Balance SD (Biodex Inc., Shirley, NY) in order to determine balance performance of the sporters. Strenght performance of the athletes was determined by using a back-leg dynamometer and a hand grasp dynamometer and by measuring the back, leg and hand grasp forces. At the end of the study, the SPSS 25.0 statistics program was used for statistical analysis of the data and the significance level was accepted to be p<0,05. In the pretest-posttest stages of the study, the differences between balance and strenght performance levels of the athletes were analyzed via intragroup (Wilcoxon) and intergroup (Mann- Whitney U) comparison tests. At the end of the study, it was determined that there were statistically significant differences between the pretest-posttest body weights and eyes open-shut dynamic balance levels of the experimental group sporters (p<0,05). However, there were no significant differences between the measurement results of the control group athletes (p>0,05). A high-intensity interval training technique; tabata protocol is effective on aerobic-anaerobic energy systems. A motion that is specified throughout practice, is repeated intensely, rhythmically and continuously. As a consequence; tabata protocol may support dynamic balance development with the help of dynamic-based exercises it contains.