The friction and wear performance of DLC coatings deposited on plasma nitrided AISI 4140 steel by magnetron sputtering under air and vacuum conditions

KOVACI H., BARAN Ö. , Yetim A. F. , BOZKURT Y. B. , Kara L. , ÇELİK A.

SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, cilt.349, ss.969-979, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 349
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.05.084
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.969-979


Diamond-like-carbon (DLC) coatings with high hardness and low friction coefficient exhibit excellent tribological performance under air and vacuum conditions. However, adhesion and cold welding problems in vacuum conditions lead to increase friction coefficient values. These negative effects can be eliminated by different methods such as forming interlayers between coating and substrate or ion treatment of the substrate. In this work, DLC coatings were deposited on untreated and plasma nitrided (at 400 degrees C, 500 degrees C and 600 degrees C for 1 h and 4 h) AISI 4140 steel substrates by magnetron sputtering technique. The effects of plasma nitriding treatment on the friction and wear properties of DLC coatings under air and vacuum conditions were investigated. The structural and mechanical properties of DLC films were examined by XRD, SEM, and microhardness tester, respectively. The friction and wear properties were determined by a tribotester under air and vacuum conditions. The microhardness of samples increased after surface treatments and the highest value was obtained from the sample plasma nitrided at 600 degrees C for 4 h plus DLC coated sample. The wear resistance of samples increased with increasing plasma nitriding time and temperature. Also, it was observed that the samples tested under vacuum condition showed better wear resistance than the samples tested under ambient air. Furthermore, increasing plasma nitriding time and temperature improved the wear performance of the material regardless of the test environment.