Effects of graphite on the synthesis of 1-D single crystal In2O3 nanostructures at high temperature


Tuzluca F. N. , YEŞİLBAĞ Y. Ö. , AKKUŞ T. , ERTUĞRUL M.

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, cilt.66, ss.62-68, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 66
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.mssp.2017.04.007
  • Dergi Adı: MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.62-68

Özet

This study investigated the effects of graphite powder on the growth mechanisms of one-dimensional (1-D) single-crystal indium oxide (In2O3) nanostructures. The study was conducted using a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method at 1000 C-omicron; In2O3 and graphite powder mixed with In2O3, with a weight ratio of 1:1, were used as the source material, while 2 nm-thick n-type silicon (100), coated with a gold catalyst, was used as a substrate. It was observed that nanostructures grew via a Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) growth mechanism when only In2O3 was used, but grew via both VLS and Vapor-Solid (VS) growth mechanisms when graphite powder was used with the In2O3. The morphology and crystal structures of the nanostructures grown were investigated using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Energy Dispersion X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS). At room temperature (RT), all the nanostructures showed photoluminescence (PL) spectra at a wavelength of 367 nm in the UV-emission region and at wavelengths of 470 and 630 nm in the visible region.