Microbiological, physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Turkish fermented sausages (sucuk) coated with chitosan-essential oils

Soncu E. D. , ARSLAN B., ERTÜRK D., Kucukkaya S., Ozdemir N., Soyer A.

LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.97, pp.198-204, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lwt.2018.06.049
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.198-204
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: No


Superficial mold growth in dry-fermented sausages is generally prevented by synthetic chemicals. However, the use of natural antifungals instead of chemicals has become a crucial research area nowadays as consumer demands have changed towards natural food production. With that said, chitosan solutions (C) enriched with thyme (CT; 0.2-1%) or rosemary (CR; 0.2-1%) essential oils, as natural antifungals, were evaluated to determine their inhibition effects on the surface mold growth in Turkish dry-fermented sausage ripened for 9 days. Additionally, impacts of these solutions on interior microbiota, physicochemical and sensory properties of sausages were investigated. Higher concentrations (0.8% and 1%) of CT and CR significantly inhibited the superficial mold growth. Potassium sorbate and natural antifungals did not affect total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, Micrococcaceae, and lactic acid bacteria counts (P > 0.05). Enterobacteriaceae, yeast and mold numbers significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in the sausages with CT and CR treatment at 0.8% and 1% concentrations. 1%CT was 2 fold effective than 1%CR to prevent superficial mold growth. Panelists did not report any negative comment regarding the sausages coated with natural antifungals (P > 0.05). In conclusion, incorporation of 1%CT or 1%CR into chitosan would be a promising natural antifungal to inhibit surface mold growth in dry fermented sausages without affecting quality properties.