© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLCPurpose: This study was aimed at comparing the conscientious intelligence levels of nursing students and determining the factors affecting their conscientious intelligence. Design and Methods: Two hundred and forty nursing students were involved in the study. Findings: There were no statistically significant differences between the first and fourth-year students in terms of the mean scores they obtained from the compassion, responsibility toward the creator, conscious awareness, and social sensitivity sub-dimensions. Of the students, those who chose the profession willingly, those who were women and those who did not perceive nursing as a profession just to earn money obtained higher mean scores in the Conscientious Intelligence Scale. Practice Implications: The results of the study revealed that Nurse Academics should make more attempts to improve students' conscientious intelligence.