Physical structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of the Mazidagi (Turkey) phosphate rock


ÖZER A., GÜLABOĞLU M. Ş. , Bayrakçeken S.

Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol.39, no.3, pp.679-683, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/ie990441v
  • Journal Name: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.679-683
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The physical structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of Mazidagu (Turkey) phosphate rock have been investigated by using chemical analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal analysis, mercury porosimetry, and BET surface area methods. The results of X-ray powder diffraction analysis showed that the major minerals of the rock are calcite, fluorapatite, and carbonate fluorapatite. It was also found that the phosphate rock consists of two different phases which are dispersed in the rock heterogeneously in the SEM photographs, namely, a dark gray calcite-rich phase and a light gray phosphorus-rich phase. Qualitative analysis based on the SEM photograph revealed that fluorapatite and carbonate fluorapatite were only concentrated in the phosphorus-rich phase. Calcite having particle sizes smaller than approximately 2 μm were agglomerated between compact phosphorus-rich phases having particle sizes between 100 and 300 μm. The rock has a large pore-size distribution with a range of 3-1000 nm. The total porosity in the rock is 18.70%, and porous parts in the rock have been generally accumulated in the calcite-rich phase. The BET surface area of the rock is 15.68 m2/g. The physical structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of Mazidagi (Turkey) phosphate rock have been investigated by using chemical analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal analysis, mercury porosimetry, and BET surface area methods. The results of X-ray powder diffraction analysis showed that the major minerals of the rock are calcite, fluorapatite, and carbonate fluorapatite. It was also found that the phosphate rock consists of two different phases which are dispersed in the rock heterogeneously in the SEM photographs, namely, a dark gray calcite-rich phase and a light gray phosphorus-rich phase. Qualitative analysis based on the SEM photograph revealed that fluorapatite and carbonate fluorapatite were only concentrated in the phosphorus-rich phase. Calcite having particle sizes smaller than approximately 2 μm were agglomerated between compact phosphorus-rich phases having particle sizes between 100 and 300 μm. The rock has a large pore-size distribution with a range of 3-1000 nm. The total porosity in the rock is 18.70%, and porous parts in the rock have been generally accumulated in the calcite-rich phase. The BET surface area of the rock is 15.68 m2/g.