Quantitative Analysis of Supraspinatus Tendon Pathologies via T2/T2* Mapping Techniques with 1.5 T MRI

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Ece B., Yigit H., Ergun E., Koseoglu E. N., Karavas E., AYDIN S., ...More

Diagnostics, vol.13, no.15, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/diagnostics13152534
  • Journal Name: Diagnostics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging, quantitative MRI, supraspinatus tendon, T2 and T2* mapping, tendinosis, tendon rupture
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess supraspinatus tendon pathologies with T2/T2* mapping techniques, which are sensitive to biochemical changes. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and T2/T2* mapping techniques were applied to 41 patients with shoulder pathology, and there were also 20 asymptomatic cases included. The patients were divided into two groups: tendinosis and rupture. The supraspinatus tendon was divided into medial, middle, and lateral sub-regions, and the T2/T2* values were measured in both the coronal and sagittal planes for intergroup comparison. Intra-class and inter-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to assess test reproducibility. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the cut-off value in each group. A total of 61 patients (27 males and 34 females)—including 20 asymptomatic individuals, 20 with tendinosis, and 21 with rupture—were evaluated using T2/T2* mapping techniques. In the rupture group, there were significant differences in the values of the lateral region (p < 0.001), as well as in the middle and medial regions (p < 0.05) of the supraspinatus tendon compared to the tendinosis and asymptomatic groups. These were determined using both T2* and T2 mapping in both the coronal and sagittal plane measurements. In the tendinosis group, there were significant differences in the values of the lateral region with T2* mapping (p < 0.001) in both the coronal and sagittal planes, and also with the T2 mapping in the coronal plane (p < 0.05) compared to the asymptomatic groups. The cut-off values for identifying supraspinatus pathology ranged from 85% to 90% for T2 measurements and above 90% for T2* measurements in both planes of the lateral section. The ICC values showed excellent reliability (ICC > 0.75) for all groups. In conclusion, T2 and T2* mapping techniques with 1.5 T MRI can be used to assess tendon rupture and tendinosis pathologies in the supraspinatus tendon. For an accurate evaluation, measurements from the lateral region in both the coronal and sagittal planes are more decisive.