A study on hopelessness levels of high school students according to their need they feel about receiving art education informally

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Taşkesen O., Kanat S., Güler E., Gör T. K.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol.51, no.2, pp.340-347, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Name: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.340-347
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: Yes


Hopelessness can be defined as negative expectations for the future. In other words, it is the level of pessimism for future (Yenilmez, 2010: 307). One of the most important reasons for the failure at school (Yenilmez, 2010:1), hopelessness causes many mental health problems as well. In particular, it is among the main reasons of suicide, which has been shown as a public health issue throughout the history. In our country, suicide’s being dense especially between the ages of 15-24 and 25-34 (Uçan, 2005: 19) led the different disciplines to perform some research on the subject. The fact that participation in artistic activities is effective for socialization of the person, dismissing stress, expressing himself gave birth to the idea that studying the effect of need of receiving art education informally on the level of hopelessness is important for future findings. This study was conducted to determine the status of receiving informally art education needs of high school students, to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the levels of hopelessness and needs of receiving art education informally, and to detect whether their levels of hopelessness contain significant differences according to the needs of receiving art education informally. This study, conducted through relational scanning method, was carried out with high school students in a medium-sized city in eastern Turkey. The study population is composed of 6883 students attending general high school in the academic year 2011-2012. The study group is composed of 115 girls and 65 boys a total of 182 students attending general high school in the academic year 2011-2012. In order to measure the students’ need of receiving art education informally, “Need of Receiving Art Education Informally Scale”, developed by the researcher Taskesen, was used and in order to measure the levels of hopelessness, "Beck Hopelessness Scale" developed by Beck, Lester, Trexter (1974) and adapted to Turkey by Seber (1991), Durak (1993). For The data analysis, to compare the scores of the dependent variable of the sample, one-way ANOVA was used, which is one of the parametric tests. Personn correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationships between two variables. At the end of the ANOVA test, there was no significant difference in highs school students’ level of hopelessnessandalsodespitethenegativecorrelationbetweenthescores of receiving art education informally and level of hopelessness, there was significant association.