Two cinnamyl-substituted phloroglucinols, 4-p-methoxycinnamyl phloroglucinol (9) and 4,6-bis-p-methoxycinnamyl phloroglucinol (10) were synthesized. Two carbonic anhydrases, human carbonic anhydrase I and II (hCA I and II), were purified. Kinetic interactions between these isozymes with 9 and 10 were investigated. These new compounds exhibited inhibitory effects on the hCA I and II enzymes' activity in vitro. The combination of the inhibitory effects of both phloroglucinol and p-coumaric acid groups in a single compound was explored. However, relative to the inhibitory effects of the two groups separately, compounds 9 and 10 demonstrated comparable inhibitory effects. More effective inhibitors of CAs could be created by testing these compounds on other CA isozymes.