The Relationship between Serum Oxalic Acid, Central Hemodynamic Parameters and Colonization by Oxalobacter formigenes in Hemodialysis Patients

Gulhan B. , Turkmen K., Aydin M. , Gunay M. , Cikman A., Kara M.

CARDIORENAL MEDICINE, cilt.5, ss.164-174, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 5 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000381219
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.164-174


Background/Objective: Elevated pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central aortic blood pressures are independent predictors of increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Oxalic acid is a uremic retention molecule that is extensively studied in the pathogenesis of calcium oxalate stones. Oxalobacter formigenes, a member of the colon microbiota, has important roles in oxalate homeostasis. Data regarding the colonization by and the exact role of Oxalobacter formigenes in the pathogenesis of oxalic acid metabolism in HD patients are scant. Hence, we aimed to determine the relationship between fecal Oxalobacter formigenes colonization, serum oxalic acid and hemodynamic parameters in HD patients with regard to the colo-reno-cardiac axis. Methods: Fifty HD patients were enrolled in this study. PWV and central aortic systolic (cASBP) and diastolic blood pressures (cADBP) were measured with a Mobil-O-Graph (I.E.M. GmbH, Stolberg, Germany). Serum oxalic acid levels were assessed by ELISA, and fecal Oxalobacter formigenes DNA levels were isolated and measured by real-time PCR. Results: Isolation of fecal Oxalobacter formigenes was found in only 2 HD patients. One of them had 113,609 copies/ml, the other one had 1,056 copies/ml. Serum oxalic acid levels were found to be positively correlated with PWV (r = 0.29, p = 0.03), cASBP (r = 0.33, p = 0.001) and cADBP (r = 0.42, p = 0.002) and negatively correlated with LDL (r = -0.30, p = 0.03). In multivariate linear regression analysis, PWV was independently predicted by oxalic acid, glucose and triglyceride. Conclusions: This is the first study that demonstrates the absence of Oxalobacter formigenes as well as a relation between serum oxalic acid and cASBP, cADBP and PWV in HD patients. Replacement of Oxalobacter formigenes with pre- and probiotics might decrease serum oxalic acid levels and improve cardiovascular outcomes in HD patients. (C) (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel