AN INVESTIGATION ON THE BASIC VIEWS OF STOA PHILOSOPHY


ÇELİKKOL S.

BILIMNAME, cilt.37, ss.1225-1245, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 37 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.28949/bilimname.522162
  • Dergi Adı: BILIMNAME
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1225-1245

Özet

Stoicism is a school of philosophy founded by Zenon of Cyprus who lived between 336-264 BC. According to the school, philosophy is the love of wisdom, the quest for wisdom. Philosophy's wisdom is the knowledge of sacred and human things. Zenon divided the philosophy into three parts: first logic that teaches the rules, second, physics teaching the truth of the entities in the universe, and thirdly, the morality that teaches the principles of virtuous life. Philosophy of Stoa is a practical philosophy that takes morality at the center of philosophy. The main purpose of this philosophy is to live in accordance with nature. To know the holy nature, is to acquaint and to submit to his will. Zenon, Kleanthes, Khrysippos, Panaitios, Seneca, Epiktetos and Marcus Aurelius are important representatives of the Stoa philosophy. This article is an outline of the Stoa philosophy. In this article, the basic views of Stoic philosophers about the truth of existence and human virtue were examined...