Epidemiology of Oestrus ovis infestations in sheep in Kars province of north-eastern Turkey


Arslan M. O. , Kara M. , Gicik Y.

TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, cilt.41, ss.299-305, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11250-008-9190-x
  • Dergi Adı: TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.299-305

Özet

This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of cavical myiasis caused by Oestrus ovis larvae in sheep of Kars province of north-eastern part of Turkey. From 30 to 35 sheep heads (total of 387) were examined every month regularly for O. ovis larvae during 12 months. Of 387 heads, 156 (%40.3) were infested with O. ovis larvae.. The prevalence of nasal myiasis was 54.3% in spring, 41% in summer, 28% in fall, and 38.9% in winter. The differences among seasons were significant statistically (P < 0.05). Infestation rate up to 1-years-old was 30.0%, 1 to 3 years-old 40.0% and older than 3 years old was 52.4%. The number of larvae made peak in spring months and went down in the months of fall. The mean number of larvae regarding examined animals was 1.8, and the mean according to infested animals was 4.5. Density of O.ovis larvae in infested sheep were changed from 1 to 31. Infestation rate in the morkaraman breed was higher (43.4%) comparing to the rate in the akkaraman breed (31.3%). The differences between sheep breed were also significant (p < 0.05). Sheep with dark colored head had higher infestation rate than that of sheep with light colored head (p < 0.05).