Nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside induces neurotoxicity in cerebellar granular cell culture in rats by an independent mechanism from L-type or dantrolene-sensitive calcium channels

Gepdiremen A., HACIMÜFTÜOĞLU A., Büyükokuroǧlu M. E., Süleyman H.

Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol.25, no.10, pp.1295-1297, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1248/bpb.25.1295
  • Journal Name: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1295-1297
  • Keywords: Cell culture, Cerebellum, Dantrolene, Neurotoxicity, Nimodipine, Sodium nitroprusside
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: No


The effects of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in rat cerebellar granular cell culture were investigated in the present study. All doses of the SNP (10, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500 μM) were able to induce cell death compared with control values (p<0.001 for all groups tested). Interestingly enough, a nonlinear dose-response curve was obtained for SNP-induced neurotoxicity. We also investigated the possible neuroprotective effects of nimodipine and dantrolene, alone or in combination. Both drugs failed to prevent neuronal cell death at the doses tested, either alone or in combination. Despite the fact that the most effective dose was a dantrolene concentration of 10 μM with SNP 500 μM and a concentration of 1 μM with SNP 50 μM, the differences were insignificant statistically. According to our results, SNP-induced cerebellar toxicity appears to be an independent reaction from L-type or endoplasmic reticulum calcium currents.