Notes on Curves at a Constant Distance from the Edge of Regression on a Curve in Galilean 3-Space G3

Çakmak A., Kızıltuğ S., Mumcu G.

CMES - COMPUTER MODELING IN ENGINEERING AND SCIENCES, vol.1, no.2, pp.2731-2742, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2731-2742
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, we define the curve rλ = r + λd at a constant distance from the edge of regression on a curve r(s) with arc length parameter s in Galilean 3-space. Here, d is a non-isotropic or isotropic vector defined as a vector tightly fastened to Frenet trihedron of the curve r(s) in 3-dimensional Galilean space. We build the Frenet frame {Tλ, Nλ,Bλ} of the constructed curve rλ with respect to two types of the vector d and we indicate the properties related to the curvatures of the curve rλ. Also, for the curve rλ, we give the conditions to be a circular helix. Furthermore, we discuss ruled surfaces of type A generated via the curve rλ and the vector D which is defined as tangent of the curve rλ in 3-dimensional Galilean space. The constructed ruled surfaces also appear in two ways. The first is constructed with the curve rλ(s) = r(s) + λT(s) and the non-isotropic vector D. The second is formed by the curve rλ = r(s) + λ2N + λ3B and the non-isotropic vector D. We calculate the distribution parameters of the constructed ruled surfaces and we show that the ruled surfaces are developable. Finally, we provide examples and visuals to back up our research.