Assessment of Tendency to Become a Smart City Among Turkish Cities in the Context of Underdevelopment: An Empirical Analysis (accepted)

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Tuysuz S. , Yazar A. , Manga M.

Planlama, vol.31, no.3, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/planlama.2021.01346
  • Title of Journal : Planlama


More than half of the world's population lives in cities, which
creates serious pressure on cities. Eliminating this pressure
is important for the sustainability of cities, as well as for im
proving the quality of urban life. In this context, the smart city
model has recently been utilised to address urban sustainability
challenges and enhance the quality of urban life. The model
has a framework aimed at overcoming the mentioned issues
through the use of technology. This model has begun to be
included in upper-scale policy documents all around the world,
along with Turkey. However, the human and physical entities
that make up the components of the smart city differ spatially
within the country, which points to the problem that the smart
city model cannot be equally effective everywhere. Therefore,
this study aims to demonstrate the trend of NUTS 3 regions in
Turkey to become smart cities based on variables considered
the most important components of a smart city, such as tech
nological infrastructure, human capital, and governance struc
ture. In order to achieve this goal, cluster analysis was applied
to these variables. The analysis has revealed that there are five
different clusters in Turkey that differ from each other in terms
of the tendency to become smart cities. The findings indicate
that smart city applications cannot be used equally effectively
and efficiently in each region in parallel with the differentiation
of the level of development.